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Jan 21, 2017

NAMA SANKIRTAN AND THE RADHA MANTRA

Santiago, Chile 
07 January, 2017
Watch the class here


Prabodhananda Saraswatipad in Radha-Rasa-Sudha-Nidhi grantha is praying, how all his limbs and body will absorb with Srimati Radhika:
radha-nama-sudha-rasam rasayitum jihvasti me vihvala
padau tat-padakankitasu caratam vrindatavi-vithishu
tat-karmaiva karah karotu hridayam tasyah padam dhyayatam
tad-bhavotsavatah param bhavatu me tat-prana-nathe ratih 
(Sri Radha-rasa-sudha-nidhi, text 142)
SYNONYMS 
radha-nama-sudha-rasam-the nectar of Radha's name; rasayitum-to taste; jihva-tongue; asti-is; me-of me; vihvala-agitated; padau-feet; tat-padakankitasu-marked with Her footprints; caratam-should walk; vrindatavi-vithishu-on the pathways in Vrindavana; tat-karma-Her work; eva-indeed; karah-hand; karotu-should do; hridayam-heart; tasyah-of Her; padam-feet; dhyayatam-should meditate; tad-bhavotsavatah-with a festival of love; param-great; bhavatu-may be; me-of me; tat-prana-nathe-to the Lord of Her life; ratih-love.

TRANSLATION
“May my tongue become overwhelmed by relishing the nectarean flavour of Radha’s holy name, may my feet walk over Vrindavana’s pathways that are marked with Her footprints, may my hands be engaged only in Her menial service, may my heart meditate on Her lotus feet, and may I develop love for the Lord of Her life (Krishna) through Her festival of emotions.”

Prabodhananda Saraswatipad in his Radha-rasa-sudha-nidhi grantha explained: “He, Srimati Radhike! [May] My tongue always chant Your sweet names. Because Your sweet names, radha-nam, when I will taste, then I will be completely bewildered, and my tongue always roaming in Vrndavan, where You perform the sweet  amorous pastimes with Your beloved Krsna. And my two hands always serve Your lotus feet, and in my mind always remember Your sweet pastimes. And especially I will remember how You will absorb with Your beloved Krsna. In this way, all these types of deep attachment manifest in my heart.”
jihvā hauka suvihvala rādhā-nāma-gāne
vṛndāranya cala pada rādhā anveṣaṇe
rādhā sevā kara kara rādhā smara mane
rādhā-bhāve māti bhaja rādhā-prāṇa-dhane 
(written by Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura)
TRANSLATION
May my tongue be overwhelmed by singing Radha’s name! O feet! Wander on the Vrindavan pathways to search for Her! O hands! Serve Srimati Radharani! Remember Radharani in your thoughts. Intoxicated by Radharani’s mood, worship the lord of Radha’s life.“
So in this way, Sanatan Goswamipad also explained in Brhad-bhagavatamrtam, how an ordinary sadhak remembering chanting of the holy names, nam-sankirtan, and will attain the abode of Lord. So Sanatan Goswamipad in Brhad-bhagavatamrtam glorified about nam-sankirtan.
nāma-saṅkīrtanaṁ proktaṁ kṛṣṇasya prema-sampadi 
baliṣṭhaṁ sādhanaṁ śreṣṭhaṁ paramākarṣa-mantra-vat 
(Sri Brhad-bhagavatamrtam, 2.3.164)
SYNONYMS
nāma-saṅkīrtanaṁ - congregational chanting of the holy name; proktaṁ - is said; kṛṣṇasya – of Śrī Kṛṣṇa; prema – of love; sampadi – in attaining the treasure; baliṣṭhaṁ - most powerful; sādhanaṁ - practice; śreṣṭhaṁ - best; parama-ākarṣa – supremely magnetic; mantra-vat – like a mantra.

TRANSLATION
“Nāma-saṅkīrtana is the best and most powerful method for obtaining the treasure of divine love for Śrī Kṛṣṇa because it is like a supremely magnetic mantra.

Sanatan Goswamipad in Brhad-bhagavatamrtam grantha explains, this nam-sankirtan only will give the highest prem, and this nam-sankirtan brings to Krsna in our heart. And Krsna automatically will be controlled by the nam-sankirtan. As like a person chanting some mantra and control to someone, in the same way, nam-sankirtan, by the remembering, chanting of the nam-sankirtan, then Krsna will be controlled. So for this regard, those who are rasik-jan are always absorbed with nam-sankirtan. And remembering, chanting of the nam-sankirtan all kinds of inauspiciousness also will be destroyed. Because holy name is very powerful. 

Srila Gurudev gave an example. Once, Krsna gave hint to Srimati Radhika, He will meet with Her in one confidential place. But that day, Jatila was strictly guarding Her house, for this regard Srimati Radhika could not come out from Her house. Then Krsna came in that kunja and was waiting for Srimati Radhika. And waiting for Srimati Radhika many hours, but Srimati Radhika did not come. Then Krsna was very eager to meet with Srimati Radhika, “How to meet with Srimati Radhika?” Then Yoga-maya, Vrnda-devi, she arranged how Srimati Radhika will meet with Krsna. Then Yoga-maya arranged this way, Jatila and Kutila slept, and Srimati Radhika came out from Her house with Vrnda-devi. But Vrnda-devi brought Srimati Radhika and kept Srimati Radhika in another kunja. Then Vrnda-devi came in front of Krsna and told: “He Krsna, today is not possible for you to meet with Srimati Radhika”. Then Krsna’s heart was completely broken, and crying, He said: “Without Radha how possible I will live, survive My life?” 

And that time Vrnda-devi told: “He Krsna, we heard the glories of name – there is no difference between nam and nami, so You can chant Srimati Radhika’s mantra, radha-mantra. Maybe mantra-adhisthatri-devata, the presiding Deity of the mantra, Srimati Radhika will manifest in front of You?” So that time Vrnda-devi gave the mantra, radha-mantra, to Krsna. Very simple, radha-mantra is Om Sri Hrim Rang Radhikayai Namaha. This is called radha-mantra. So now, Vrnda-devi taught to Krsna: “You meditate on this Radha-mantra”. Om Sri Hrim Rang Radhikayai Namaha. Sri Hrim Rang Radhikayai Namaha. So Krsna started to meditate on this mantra. But a little bit of wind was coming, then the leaves of the kunja started to move and make sound, then Krsna is thinking: “Maybe Srimati Radhika has come?” So Krsna opened His eyes and was searching, where is Radha? Then Vrnda-devi told: “He Krsna, You are not qualified to chant this mantra, radha-mantra. Because You are every second chanting radha-mantra and open Your eyes, and looking here and there, that means, Your mind is not fixed.” 

Because if you chant the mantra, you have to follow the five processes: first, you have to 1) concentrate your mind on mantra-adhisthatri-devata. You have to learn the meaning of the mantra, mantrartha-cintanam. 2) Nyasa, mudra, how to chant this mantra. Some mudra is necessary. You have to do this way (Gurudeva showing how to do the mudra). 3) Prapatti – take shelter of the lotus feet of the mantra-adhisthatri-devata, then 4) saranagati – surrender to mantra-adhisthatri-devata. Then fifth, that is called atma-nivedan – 5) completely offer yourself at the lotus feet of mantra-adhisthatri-devata.

So in this way, Vrnda-devi told: “But You are not following these five rules of chanting this mantra, and Your mind is very disturbed, restless mind. If Your mind is restless, how possible mantra-adhisthatri-devata will manifest in Your heart?” Then Krsna told: “This is true. I am completely absorbed with Srimati Radhika, for this regard, I can’t chant radha-mantra.” Then Vrnda-devi told: “Okay, I will give You another way, to simply chant radha-nam, because radha-nam and Srimati Radhika are non-different.” That time Vrnda-devi wrote just the two letters of radha-nam in one leaf. And Krsna did parikrama of that name, radha-nam, and also chanting loudly: “Radhe Radhe Radhe Radhe”. 

When Krsna chanted this radha-nam, that time Krsna was looking everywhere, and He was seeing Her Radha... Radha Radha Radha. Then Vrnda-devi brought Srimati Radhika in that kunja, where Krsna was completely absorbed in the chanting of the radha-nam. Because it is non-different from Srimati Radhika. When Srimati Radhika saw how Krsna was completely absorbed with Her own name, then Srimati Radhika met with Krsna, then all sakhis worshipped to Radha and Krsna. This lila is there.
So in this way, our scriptures explain how is powerful the nam-sankirtan. So Sanatan Goswami in Brhad-bhagavatamrtam also explaining:
nāma-saṅkīrtanaṁ proktaṁ kṛṣṇasya prema-sampadi 
baliṣṭhaṁ sādhanaṁ śreṣṭhaṁ paramākarṣa-mantra-vat
If you chant the nam, then nam will automatically pull down the nam-adhisthatri-devata towards you. For this regard, our sastras are saying, always chant the holy names.

In the morning walk, I discussed what is the difference between nam and mantra. Actually, there is no difference between nam and mantra. But in technical ways, when you deeply analyze, there are some specialities in nam and mantra. You are chanting:

HARE KRSNA HARE KRSNA
KRSNA KRSNA HARE HARE
HARE RAMA HARE RAMA 
RAMA RAMA HARE HARE

In simple way, 

“He Radhe, he Krsna! 
Radhe Krsna (Radhe) Krsna 
Krsna (Krsna) Radhe Radhe/
Radhe Syam Radhe Syam 
Syam Syam Radhe Radhe.” 

This is the simple meaning of this maha-mantra.

In the same way, gopal-mantra or other mantras which you receive from guru, that is also Lord’s sweet holy names. Just I tell to you, gopal-mantra, krsna-mantra, krsna, govinda, and gopijana-vallabha is there. Krsna-nam is there also. Krsna’s sweet names in this mantra.
Sri Krsna Gopala Hare Mukunda, Govinda he Nanda, Kisora Krsna. Ha Sri Yasoda-tanaya prasida. Sri Ballavi jivana Radhikesa. 
Sanatan Goswamipad manifested these sweet names of Krsna. So now, coming in this way, what is the difference between nam and mantra? Nam is called sambodhan vibhakti, invocation case. That is called vocative case. Vocative case means to invoke to someone. If anybody is a little bit far, how to call to him? “Hey!”, “Hi”, English people are saying: “Hey!” Understand? “He Ram!”, “He Krsna!”, you use these words. In the same way, Hare Krsna means “Hey Radhe! Hey Krsna!”. Invocation. Calling in these sweet words. “He Radhe! He Krsna!” That is called sambodhan vibhakti. In Sanskrit word that is called vocative case. 

Mantra, that is called caturthi vibhakti, that is called sampradhan karo, offering. Sampradhan karo means, ‘completely offering myself’. That is called ‘krsnaya’, ‘govindaya’, ‘gopijana-vallabhaya’, that means, offering – swaha. In all mantras there is this word last – ‘namah’ and ‘swaha’. ‘Namah’ means what? ‘Na’+’mah’, that means, ‘I offer myself and all my ahankar, ego’. ‘Swaha’ means, ‘swa’+’ha’, ‘sva’ means atma, soul, ‘ha’ means offering, that means, ‘I offer my soul at the lotus feet of the presiding Deity of the mantra’.
So actually, there is no difference between nam and mantra, but some technical words in nam and mantra. So Sanatan Goswami in Brhad-bhagavatamrtam also explained, "This mantra destroys all our anarthas from our heart and give the knowledge of relationship, sambandha-jnan". And maha-mantra will give directly the prem. Maha-mantra also make the sambandha-jnan, this is true, but maha-mantra’s duty is how to give direct prem. For this regard, Vedas, Upanisad explain about mantra. So Sanatan Goswamipad again in Brhad-bhagavatamrta explains, if you chant this mantra, then you will be free from all kinds of anarthas and also get the relationship with Krsna and cross the Viraja.
So in this way Sanatan Goswamipad in the story of Gop Kumar explained, when Gop Kumar crossed the Viraja and attained to Vaikuntha-dham, that time vaikunthavasis told: “Now you need no more chanting this mantra. You chant maha-mantra, because maha-mantra will give the prem". Already prem is there. Because maha-mantra will give prem, as like Vrajavasis. What they are chanting? 

Sri Krsna Gopala, Hare Mukunda, Govinda he Nanda Kisora Krsna, ha Sri Yasoda-tanaya prasida, Sri Ballavi jivana Radhikesa. 

Sanatan Goswamipad very nicely created this maha-mantra. 

Govinda Damodara Madhaveti, Govinda Damodara Madhaveti, He Krsna He Yadava He Sakheti, Govinda Damodara Madhaveti, He Krsna He Yadava He Sakheti, Govinda Damodara Madhaveti. 

Here using this word ‘he’ – He Krsna, he Yadava, he Madhava. Understand? So ‘he’ this word, that is called invocation case, and very sweet relationship with Krsna and Vrajavasis. Sanatan Goswamipad very nicely explained the difference between nam and mantra. Even in sadhak stage or siddha stage, always chant maha-mantra. Maha-mantra will give the highest prem. So here he is saying:
nāma-saṅkīrtanaṁ proktaṁ kṛṣṇasya prema-sampadi 
baliṣṭhaṁ sādhanaṁ śreṣṭhaṁ paramākarṣa-mantra-vat 
tad eva manyate bhakteḥ phalaṁ tad rasikair janaiḥ 
bhagavat-prema-sampattau sadaivāvyabhicārataḥ
If you chant this mantra, then what? [You will be] completely intoxicated, and all kinds of vyabhicari-bhav will manifest in your heart. That is called, ecstatic moods. They will manifest in your heart. 

Gaur Premanande!

Transcription: Govinda Priya dd (Lithuania)
Proofreading: Vraja Sundari (Brazil)