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May 20, 2016

BHAGAVAT SAPTAH - GOPI KATHA

Sri Bhagavat Saptah
Rio de Janeiro, RJ/Brazil
January, 2013
3rd Day (Morning)

PHOTO CREDIT: ANANDA PRADAYINI DASI


We will continue Srimad Bhagavatam, specially the 10th canto (dasha skandha). We discussed yesterday how Krsna chastised the serpent Kaliya. There are many teachings of Kaliya, Dambhanda Lila and Sobari Risi katha. Gurudev again and again remained us about Sobari Risi. He performed hard austerities in the water of Yamuna but he committed offenses at the lotus feet of Vaishnava, Garuda. Due to his offenses he lost all his austerities and lusty desires came into his heart and thus he married princesses of Mandara.

Sukadeva Goswamipad glorified Krsna´s lila when Baladeva and Krsna wondered in the forest, cow herding. Sukadeva Goswamipad wanted to speak about Gopi Katha, but he did not speak because he knew that gopis prema is very confidential so for this reason he hid it in his core of his heart. Now Krsna is in his pre-youth so he called Kishora and gopis are also in their youth.


In this material word during youth the nature is it to be attracted to opposite sex. Radha’s, Krsna’s and gopi’s love is eternal, transcendental; it is called nitya prema (eternal prema) with each other there is no lust or any kinds of sense gratification. Krsna performs human being like lila, pastimes which are called Narvata lila.

Vedanta sutra philosophy explains that Lord performs his human like nirvana kavilam lila. Jiva Goswamipad explained that Krsna at the same time perform three types of lilas:

1. Sadaran nara lila (ordinary human lila)

2. Maharaja lila: Maharaja lila means one who takes birth in high class aristocrat family. One who is born in high class family is strong, fat, tall and healthy because they have high protein and opulent diet.

We see this in material world, I parents are tall and strong then automatically their children will also be tall and strong. By just seeing children one can determine that their parents must be tall and strong and also that their diet constitute of high protein and fat.

In the same way Krsna was born in a king family. Nanda Maharaja had 9 lakhs of cows so we can understand what kind of food Krsna was eating, so He must have been tall, fat, big and strong. Krsna’s body is like king or prince therefore He is called Vrajraja.

3. Deva lila: it means that Devata can manifest many forms, so in the same way Krsna is Bhagawan so He has mystic power therefore this known  as deva lila.  Devata’s body has so much effulgence coming out from their body. If any demigod or demigoddess was to appear here than automatically this room would be illuminated as there is so much effulgence emanating   from their body. When Krsna uses to go to Vrajvasis houses to steal butter, a blue effulgence is emanating from His body and at time the Vrajvasis’ room was completely illuminated so He can see where the butter was hidden. This is called Deva lila.

Janama Saphaa Tara (song by Bhaktivinoda)
indranila-jini, krsna-rupa-khani, heriya kadamba-mule
Mana ucatana,na cale carana, samsara gelama bhule (4)
When I see that form of Krsna, whose beauty defeats the dark blue indranila jewel (sapphire), standing under a kadamba tree, my mind becomes unsteady. My feet cannot move and I forget my material existence.
(sakhi he) sudhamaya, se rupa-madhuri
dekhile nayana, haya acetana, jhare premamaya vari (5)
O sakhi! His sweet form is full of nectar. If the eyes behold that form, one falls unconscious and tears of love stream from them.
kiba cuda sire, kibe vamsi kare, kiba se tri-bhanga –thama
carana-kamale, amiya uchale, tahate nupura-dama (6)
How wonderful is the peacock-feather crown on His head! How wonderful is the flute in His hands! How wonderful is His three- fold bending form! His lotus feet overflow with nectar and are bound with ankle bells.

Krsna’s beauty and effulgence from His body defeated the beauty of blue gems.

Rupa Goswamipad also explains in Sri Vraja Raja Sutastakam:-
nava-nirada-nindita-kanti-dharam
rasa-sagara-nagara-bhupa-varam
subha-vankima-caru-sikhanda-sikham
bhaja krsna-nidhim vraja-raja-sutam   (1)  
Just worship Sri Krsna, the son of the king of Vraja, who is a treasure-house of priceless jewels! His complexion is more effulgent than a fresh raincloud; He is the king of paramours and the ocean of rasa; His crown is adorned with a lovely peacock feather auspiciously tilted to the left (bowing towards Sri Radha’s feet).
bhru-visankita-vankima-sakra-dhanum
mukha-candra-vinindita-koti-vidhum
mrdu-manda-suhasya-subhasya yutam
bhaja krsna-nidhim vraja-raja-sutam   (2)
Just worship Sri Krsna, the son of the king of Vraja, who is a treasure-house of priceless jewels! His arched eyebrows belittle the rainbow (the bow of Indra), His pure moonlike face, which dwarfs millions of moons, is adorned with an enchanting soft smile and fine speech.

In the same way Gopi’s also performed three types of lila: 1. Ordinary human Lila (manava  Lila), 2. Maharaja Lila and 3. Deva Lila.

So both Krsna’s and Gopi´s Lila is going on like this in three ways. Krsna’s human lila is called manava Lila. Krsna not always manifested deva Lila only under certain circumstance He manifested Deva Lila or Maharaja Lila. Mostly he manifests His human being lila.
krsnera svarupa-vicara suna,sanatana
advaya-jnana-tattva, vraje vrajendra- nandina 
“O Sanatana, please hear about the eternal form of Lord Krsna. He is the Absolute Truth, devoid of duality but present in Vrndavana as the son of Nanda Maharaja.”
(CC Madhya 20.152)

What is Krsna svarupa tattva?  He is one but He manifests Himself in four forms. Advaya (non-dual) manifested in many forms. His original form (svayam rup) is nara rupa lila, the form as an ordinary human form. Another form is when He manifested His many incarnations, Rama, Narasimha etc. all are non-different from Him. And He manifested all the living entities from His Shakti tatasa tattva or jiva Shakti. And the fourth form is when He manifested this material world (jara jagat). All this in one, but different and non-different from Him. Try to understand this. It is called advayam para tattva krsna. But His original form is human being form.
krsnera yateka khela sarvottama nara-lila
nara-vapu tahara svarupa
gopa-vesa venu-kara, nava-kisora, nata-vara ,
nara-lilara haya anurupa                     

“Lord Krsna has many pastimes, of which His pastimes as a human being are the best. His form as a human being is the supreme transcendental form. In this form He is a cowherd boy. He carries a flute in His hand, and His youth is new. He is also an expert dancer. All this is just suitable for His pastimes as a human being."
(CC Madhya 21.101)

His original form is like human being form, gopavesa venukara (nice beautiful cowherd boy form), venukara – He keeps a flute in His hand and – nava kisora natavar – His youth is always new.

In this way, Krsna and Balarama used to go cow herding together with all Their friends, Subal, Sridham, Madhumangala.

Now Krsna is in His youth, in the same way Gopis are also in their youth.

And now their superiors, parents create a big wall between Krsna and gopis because according to Vedic culture boys and girls should not mix freely when they reach their youth.

So now boys and girls who played together, must play separately. However in western culture it is completely different. Western children don’t want to listen, they mix together freely.

Here Suka Goswamipad explains that Gopis realise themselves as there is change in their bodies, their sentiments and activities are completely different. But how would it be possible for gopis to forget Krsna if they have spontaneous love for Krsna? E.g. water flows from top of a mountain; the nature of water is to flow down into the ocean. If you make a dam to stop water, you may be able to stop water flowing for some time but eventually the water will destroy the dam and flow spontaneously toward the ocean. This is the nature of water.

Gopis do realise that our parents instruction are correct as now our body structure is different but how will be able to tolerate separation from Krsna! They are living in the society (samaj) therefore they cannot break the law of the society. Their minds become very disturbed, what should we do?

In Kalanamrta, Silakanapur, it is very nicely poetically discuss about gopi’s mental situation. This is not material love, this is transcendental love. I know you are not qualified, therefore automatically your material conception will come in your mind because you have experienced in material things. In western culture from childhood the society knows only material things. I am speaking about transcendental lila but you will compare it with your material experiences. Try to understand in your mind to have transcendental conception not material conception.

When gopis were young babies there was simple, no hypocrite or duplicity but now in youth all the activities are twisted like the walk of a snake, zigzag. Their walk, their speech, everything is zigzagging way, not simple. It is Kutila (crocked). Not saral (simple). If you ask any question they will answer in an opposite way, not directly. They think: “I know what is the best!”. Not listen what their parents say.

Even in material world during adolescents, young people don’t listen to their parents, they think they know everything. Those who are parents would have experienced this. If parents give instruction to their son’s and daughter’s they answer back at them, they do not want to listen to their advice. They are thinking that they are more knowledgeable than their parents and their activities are like intelligent person.

And the gopis are not talking much, they have become gambhir (grave), because they think: “I am a jñani person, I know things. My parents have no knowledge, I know things better than them”.

Their walk, their talk is like a wise man, intelligent people. Before they used to giggle, laugh, but now they are not even laughing, no one can see their teeth. They are behaving like judges or lawyers.

All their activities are crocked like lata manjari creeper, it first grows straight and then it grows crocked. If you see any creeper, first it grows straight and then after 4 inches its branches start growing crocked and twisted.

In the same way, Gopis before used to look straight but now their side long glances are crocked. If their parents ask any questions they don’t look into their parents’ face directly, they look the other way. Before their eyes were restless (chanchal) but now they are very grave. Before their feet were walking faster but now they walk step by step slowly like how elephant walks gracefully. Elephant picks one foot and then pick another very slowly and carefully.

Now their side long glances are looking toward Krsna so nobody can realise that they are searching for Krsna with their restless eyes. With their eyelids they indicate to Krsna. With eyes lover and beloved understand what they are saying. And they glorifying it with very sweet eloquent words, this is called kaubama vakai.

If you ask Radhika,” what are You doing here?” Radhika just stars at the blue sky - asachnat hadara radha antar.

Once Radhika felt so much separation from Krsna and She was sitting by the bank of Yamuna and just looking at the blue sky. There were no sakhis, She was all alone calm and quiet. There was no expression of pain and She was hiding the pain. Nila ma paiani jay kuchu hatha uthya, she raised her two hands and was saying something and shedding tears at the same time. After a few minutes Radhika fainted as the prema manifested in her heart. She could not express how much She loves Krsna. Because the effulgence from Krsna’s body is like blue sky and She was looking at the blue sky and remembering Krsna’s body colour. 

If anybody asks Radhika “He Radhe, what are You looking at?” She says: Vasachtanam! (to look at things but cannot see anything else, only the One who She cannot forget).

This is called deep attachment, anuraga, when anuraga manifest in heart than again and again you want to take darshan.

Rupa Goswamipad compares it with beloved and lover they kiss each other again and again. What kind of nectar in in their lips. Who knows! Only the lover and beloved knows this nectar. So in the same way it is called anuraga never satisfied (atrita), again and again want to take darshan of Krsna.

In western country this is common but I am discussing transcendental love not material love. So don’t compare with your lover and beloved in this material world.

Gopis are praying for Krsna not anybody else. They are unsatisfied they only desire to take darshan of Krsna. Srila Gour Govind Maharaja said because you have not taken darshan of Govinda that is why you kissing a plastic bag. One who has taken darshan of Govinda will never have desire to kiss plastic bag.

Narada Risi had darshan of Lord Narayan for a second and fainted. Bilvamangala Thakura had darshan of Govinda than he said “He Govinda, he Madhava, after having Your darshan, I don’t want to see this material life, with this material eyes I just can see plastic bags. But You have now given me transcendental eyes and with they I can always take darshan of Your transcendental form”.

Bhajan and Sadhan means to pray to Govind “He Govinda If only once You give me Your darshan then my like will be successful.”
                
Bandhu-sange by Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura
bandhu-sange jadi tava ranga, parihasa, thake abhilasa
tabe mora katha rakho, jeyo nako jeyo nako
mathuraya kesi- tirtha-ghatera sakasa (1)
If you want to enjoy laughing and joking with friends and family, if this is really your desire, then listen to me. Don’t go; don’t go to Mathura (Vrndavana) to Kesi-ghata.
govinda vigraha dhari, tathaya achene hari
nayane bankima drsti, mukhe manda-hasa
kiva tri-bhangama thama,varna samujjvala syama
nava-kisalaya sobha sri ange prakasa (2)
There Sri Hari has taken the form of Govinda, who gives pleasure to all, whose crooked glance is quite captivating, whose mouth is gently smiling, who is standing in His tribanga pose, whose complexion is a very effulgent syama colour, and whose limbs are attractive like tender new leaves.
adhare vamsiti tara, anarthera muladhara
sikhi-cudakeo bhai koro na visvasa (3)
The sound of His vamsi enthroned upon His lips is the root cause of madness. Brother have no faith in that person who wears a crest of peacock feathers. 

Now gopis walk very gently step by step like a drop of rain falling from Muni Risi’s ashram after rain. Muni rishi’s ashram was like a small cottage. The roof was covered with grass, so after rain had stopped water would fall from the roof drop by drop, one drop would fall followed by another in the next five seconds.

In the same way, Gopis are walking one step after another step. No one can understand their minds, their mind seem very grave.

Now they covered their chest with cloth before they covered it sometimes and sometimes not. Now they are very shy and people don’t know what they are thinking, what happened… As like if a poor person anyhow gain a valuable thing then he will hide it and no one will realize it. So the gopis are hiding it, their chest, and no one will realize. Just like this Gopis are hiding, on one can understand what is going on in their heads.

Also now gopis cover their head with veil and nobody can see their faces. Before they didn’t cover their face, but now they do it.

In western culture no one covers their head, in Vraj, Vrajvasis, Vraj gopis cover their head with long and thin veil, even today you cannot see their faces, and this is their culture.

Gopi have given up all playing now, they are grave, deep in thoughts and it is very difficult for their elders to say what they are thinking.

Just like if a person who is possessed by a ghost, his activities is unnatural, supernatural, it is extraordinary. Sometimes eating too much and other times hardly eating for a few days. Sometimes he is not sleeping at all, and sometimes sleeping for two, three days, continuously.

In this case, the neighbours could say that some ghost possessed your daughter, son. “Why she/he is not eating? Not sleeping? Why? It must be some butha!”

And yes! Gopis are possessed by the ghost but which ghost? Nanda Nandan! The son of Nanda Maharaja!

Because prema comes from eyes to eyes, nayana milan. Love enters for the first time by the eyes of lover and beloved and then, finish! When there is love between lover and beloved than they cannot control it. In this material world love is called lust, love does not look at any qualities whether one is qualified or not. But in this material world this is not the case.

When in love, all activities are like as if the person is possessed by a ghost.

In Gopis heart the ghost - son of Nanda Maharaja - has entered by eye contact (nayana milan). After this, chinca – wondering how to meet with the other.

The mind is restless (chancel) always thinking of each other, how will I meet Him, this is transcendental love, however material and transcendental love is similar in some ways. You have experienced material lust but not transcendental love.

If you transfer this material love (lust) to Krsna than your life will be successful. Just change the gear! It is simple, the same love you have, you should offer it to Krsna. And change material love into transcendental love.

Jaiva Dharma explains what happens when love is manifested, mind is thinking (chinca), and diseases, then sleeplessness (anidra), then vomit, and then you will become thin. Then you will faint (mritu).

And why all of it? Because Gopis are thinking of Krsna all time, how to give everything to Krsna, Krsna is our soul and heart. Gopis want to give flowers and fruits to Govinda.

Srimati Radhika said ‘”He Lalite, He Visake, my flowers and fruits had come, but I did not offer them to Krsna…”. Here Radhika means Her youth. In Chaintya Caritamitra Mahaprabhu says “Oh! I did not offer my youth for Govinda’s seva therefore my life is useless”.

Now the gopis meet together and discuss about Krsna’s beauty and Krsna’s sound of the flute. The sound of the flute (govinda venu) is very powerful when Krsna goes cow herding He plays the flute.
tad vraja-striya asrutya
venu-gitam smarodayam
kascit paroksam krsnasya
sva-sakhibhyo nvavarnayan  
"When the young ladies in the cowherd village of Vraja heard the song of Krsna’s flute, which arouses the influence of Cupid’ some of them privately began describing Krsna’s qualities to their intimate friends."
(SB 10.21.3)

Suka Goswamipad says when Krsna played His flute while cow herding, gopis lust increased so much that they could not control it. They cannot survive they want to meet Krsna directly but they cannot as the society has created a big wall. There is so much transcendental lust (aprakrita kam) and they are thinking how we can meet Krsna. In this circumstances they discuss Krsna Katha, Govinda katha, with each other as in this time only Krsna Katha can survive their (smarodayam) transcendental lust. Even in material world if lust comes you should chant Krsna name and gayatri mantra and automatically lust will disappear.

Om namo bhagavate vasudevaya!
Om namo bhagavate vasudevaya!!
Om namo bhagavate vasudevaya!!!

This is the process to control your material lust. Chant and meditate to the Lord, this is the simple way to control lust.

Gopis do not have material lust but smarodayam (transcendental lust) manifested in their heart when they heard Krsna’s flute and they could not control that lust. Therefore they started to speak Krsna Katha, they started to glorify Krsna’s beauty.
barhapidam nata-vara-vapuh karnayoh karnikaram
bibhrad vasah kanaka-kapisam vaijayantim ca malam
randhran venor adhara-sudhayapurayan gopa-vrndair
vrndaranyam sva-pada-ramanam pravisad gita-kirtih
"Wearing a peacock-feather ornament upon His head, blue karnikara flowers on His ears, a yellow garment as brilliant as gold, and the Vaijayanti garland, Lord Krsna exhibited His transcendental form as the greatest of dancers as He entered the forest of Vrndavana, beautifying it with the marks of His footprints. He filled the holes of His flute with the nectar of His lips, and the cowherd boys sang His glories."

The gopis remembered all the transcendental qualities of Krsna, His beauty. When Krsna goes cow herding His head was decorated with peacock feather. He wore golden yellow garment on His body and a fragrant vaijayanti mala (garland) made of five kinds of flowers hung from His neck down to His knees. Splendidly attired as a most expert dancer and a beautiful natavara (like a bridegroom).  Krsna’s artful way of dressing and the beautiful red karnikara flowers placed over His ears excited the gopis’ romantic desires, and as He poured the nectar of His lips into flute, they simply lost themselves in ecstatic love for Him.  Filled with deep attachment for Krsna, the beautiful gopis were carried away by the sweet song of His flute; the flute sound caused their hidden love for Him to start dancing in their hearts.  Actually, Krsna’s adharamrta, the nectar of His lips, comes out through the holes of the flute as nadamrta, the nectar of sweet sound. 

When Krsna enters Vrndavana, following behind the cows and accompanied by His cowherd friends, His lotus feet spontaneously prance in His own natural style that surpasses the art of dancing itself.
Everywhere He leaves His Lotus foot prints marked with nineteen auspicious markings symbols (flags, chakra – disc, etc). All the demigods headed by Brahma and Siva are coming to perform arcanam.
iti venu-ravam rajan
sarva-bhuta-manoharam
srutva vraja-striyah sarva
varnayantyo bhirebhire  
"O King, when the young ladies in Vraja heard the sound of Krsna’s flute, which captivates the minds of all living beings, they all embraced one another and began describing it.
The word iti here indicates that after becoming speechless by remembering Krsna, the cowherd damsels then regained their composure and were thus able to ecstatically describe the sound of Krsna’s flute. As a few gopis began to exclaim, and the other gopis realized that they shared the same ecstatic love within their hearts, all of them started embracing one another, overwhelmed with conjugal love for young Krsna."
(SB 10.21.6)

Sukadeva  Goswami was so absorbed in gopis mood. He said O king Pariksit - iti venu-ravam rajan  sarva-bhuta-manoharam -, the sound from the flute not only captivated the minds of gopis but all the living entities both moving and non-moving. When the gopis of Vraja heard that sound, they began to express their feelings and embraced each other (abhirebhire).

Krsna at different place plays different kind of flute. There is Murali, Bamsi and Venu.

Venu is sarva bhuta manoharam – that intoxicate the heart of all living entities. This flute sound goes to heavenly planets, Sarvaloka, Brhama loka, Vaikuntha, Ayodhya, Dwarka and then goes to Goloka Vrindavan.  Gopis heart is completely melted and cannot control themselves. There are so many glorification of the sound of the flute.

In Bhuvarloka (the middle planetary systems) there is Kambaririshi who is expert in all kinds of tunes. But when he heard the sound of the flute his head started to spin. “What sound is this?”

Singing is one kind of art - sangeet kala. There are many types of raga (tunes), Sa Re Ga Ma Pa Dha Ni SA (scale of musical notes).

Rasa lila explains this very nicely, Krsna plays different types of tunes and accordingly gopis dance to that particular raga. When Gopis sings, Krsna has to dance according to that raga. Rasa dance is not easy it is called Nrta kala (art of dance). It needs many years of practice; there are different meanings according to the movements of hands, eyes, nose neck and fingers.

Murali: it is gopi manohara - has this special activity, it captivates heart of gopis.

Bamsi: is anandini because it gives so much pleasure to the heart of the gopis.

Gopis cannot control their transcendental lust so they discuss with each other Krsna’s beauty, activities and, speciality, the sound of His flute. Indirectly they express their hearts, this is called parokshopriam.
sri-gopya ucuh
aksanvatam phalam idam na param vidamah
sakhyah pasun anuvivesayator vayasyaih
vaktram vrajesa sutayor anavenu-justam
yair ve nipitam anurakta-kataks-moksam 
"The gopis said to their most intimate friends, 'O sakis! Those eyes that see the beautiful faces of sons (Krsna and Balarama) of Maharaja Nanda are certainly fortunate. As these two sons enter Vrndavana surrounded by cowherd boys, driving the cows before Them, They hold their flutes to Their lips and smile mildly while lovingly showering sidelong glances upon us. At that time we drink the sweetness of Their faces. For those who have eyes, we think there is no greater object of vision'."


(SB 10.21.7)

The gopis were aware that their mothers or other elders might hear their romantic words and disapprove, and thus they said, aksanvatam phalam: “To see Krsna is the goal for all persons and not simply for us.”  In other words, the gopis indicated that since Krsna is the supreme object of love for everyone, why couldn’t they also love Him in spiritual ecstasy?"

Lord has given us eyes only to take darshan of Krsna, those eyes that do not take darshan of Govinda should be burnt in fire.

Lord has given us hands just to touch Guru and Krsna´s lotus feet. The tongue is just to glorify Krsna’s sweet pastimes.

Govinda Damodara Madhaveti
He Krsna! He Yadava! He Sakheti!
Govinda Damodara Madhaveti

With their transcendental eyes the gopis were looking at the Krsna’s beautiful form in their heart (bhava nitra) while they were still in their houses. They were discussing Krsna Katha with each other but all the transcendental vision manifested in their heart like television.

One gopi said: “Sakhi, how is it possible for this flute to drink the sweet nectar from the lips of our beloved Govinda? Venu is a spice of bamboo, a hollow tube and open both ends so how it is possible to drink the sweet nectar from the lotus lips of our beloved Govinda?  
gopyah kim acarad ayam kusalam sma venur
damodaradhara-sudham api gopikanam
bhunkte svayam yad avasisita-rasam hradinyo
hrsyat-tvaco sru mumucus taravo yatharyah 
“'O dear Sakhi'”, one of the gopis said to her friend, 'this flute is merely a piece of dry wood. We cannot imagine what sort of pious activities he must have performed in his previous births that in our very presence he is directly and fully tasting the nectar of Damodara’s lips, which rightfully belongs to us alone. He is not sparing even one drop of rasa for us.' Seeing the good fortune of this venu, Mansi Ganga and other ponds exhibit ecstatic symptoms, the blossoming lotuses are actually their hair standing on end. Seeing themselves as the family elders of the flute, who is mad for Bhagavan, all the trees rejoice. Under the guise of pouring forth streams of honey, they are actually shedding tears of bliss from their eyes.”
(SB 10.21.9)

Because the sweet nectar of Krsna´s lotus lips can only be relish by the gopis. “Venu is male, a male person cannot drink this sweet nectar, you cannot even drink one drop of nectar from our beloved Govinda. You are giving a lot pain in our hearts. The nectar of Krsna’s lips is meant exclusively for our enjoyment but you think it is your property.  Despite being male the venu, brazenly tastes our wealth, the rasa of Krsna’s lips and that, too, right in front of us!”

Venus relatives, the trees dinasty is very happy. For example even if your far relative is a prime minister, you will be proud and let everyone know. So in the same way trees cannot contain their joy, Venu is after all, made of bamboo, and bamboo is a member of the tree family, so all the trees are very proud. For that reason the family elders, mango, kadamba, neem and others think venu as their child. This makes them jubilant, and, feeling thrilled, they shed tears of love.

And all the ponds are also very proud, because they give the nourishment to the bamboo tree. Hradinyo refers to Yamuna, all rivers, pond and lakes. When bamboo takes birth it is nourished by the water from rivers and lakes. For the bamboo that water is not really water but it is actually milk. Because venu has grown up on the milk from the river and ponds, they consider themselves as his mothers. On seeing the rare fortune of their son these mothers shed tears of happiness.

Venu constantly tastes Krsna’s adharamrta (nectar of Krnsa’s lips).

In Krsna lila there are many types of Gopis, but two main types are: daksinya-bhava, the submissive, rightist mood which is found especially in Candravali and her vipaksa gopis: sometimes it is also to a small degree exhibited by Srimati Radhika and vamya bhava (the contrary, leftist mood found in Srimati Radhika’s svapaksa gopis, especially in Srimati Radhika Herself).   

Gopis here are in so much vamya-bhava, they do not believe venu is drinking sweet nectar from the lips of their beloved Krsna, while daksinya bhava gopis i.e. Candravalli’s group believe that venu is drinking sweet nectar from the lips of Krsna. He belongs to me or I belong to Him.  This depends on your mamata (possessiveness).

The kind of mamata you practice during the sadhana stage you have the same type of mamata in your mature stage. He belongs to me or I belong to Him, which one we want? According to your mamata during you bhajan, i.e. Gurudev belongs to me or I belong to Gurudev will reflect in your mature stage of bhajan. 

Mother will say son belongs to me, she won’t say I belong to my son. Srimati Radhika’s mood is, Krsna belongs to Me and not I belong to Krsna. If this type mood manifest in your heart during your sadhan stage then you will same type of mamata in your perfected stage (siddha deha), then you belong to Radhika’s side. If you think I belong to Krsna than you will be on Candravali’s side. In sadhana stage everything depends on type of mamata (possessiveness) you have. E.g. If mother says I belong to my son than another mood will manifest in the heart, a low grade mood will appear. However if she says my son belongs to me than spontaneous possessiveness mood will manifest.

In the same way high graded mamata is guru and Krsna belong to me. Mamata automatically manifest in the mother when she gives birth to a baby. If you don’t have a baby then mamata will not manifest in you automatically in you, maybe you can adopt a baby but still the same type of mamata will not come spontaneously in you, it will be artificial.

Mamata comes from spontaneously from the core of your heart, not showing to others externally. Do bhajan and sadhan than mamata will naturally manifest from inner core of your heart. In Madhurya Kadambini by Srila Visvanath Chakravartipad, in verse eight he discusses, ahankara which is of two types: ahamata (consciousness of I – “I´ness”) and mamata (consciousness of mine – “Miness”). At the stage of anishthita bhajana kriya, the spiritualization of I and mine in specific, localised in one place. This type of mamata He is mine is called madhurya rasa (Nanda and Yasoda feel this). But Vasudev Maharaja and Devaki cannot say “Krsna is mine” as they are thinking Krsna is Bhagavan, so “we belong to Krsna”. Their mamata is different; it is called aisvarya (opulence) mamata towards Krsna mixed with opulence.

All mukhya rasa, santa, dasya, sakhya, vatsalya and madhurya depends on the mamata. According to the type of mamata that type of rasa is manifested in their heart, opulence or madhurya (sweetness).

All our sadhan and bhajan depends on two kinds of mamata, one is aisvarya mamata (opulence) and another is called madhurya mamata (sweetness).

Devaki and Vasudev think “Krsna is our son, but He is Bhagavan”, this is opulent mamata.  When Krsna appeared in the jail of Kamsa, Krsna manifested His four armed form and said to Devaki and Vasudeva, “I am your son, but I have shown you this form of Vishnu just to remind you of My previous births. Otherwise, if I appeared like an ordinary human child, you would not believe that the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Visnu, has indeed appeared”. “Both of you constantly think of Me as your son, but always know that I am Bhagavan”.

While Yasoda’s and Nandamaharaja’s mamata is in sweetness mood, they never think Krsna is Bhagavan. Although, Krsna, who is full of all opulence and His opulence, was automatically displayed, yet this did not disturb His mother’s parental affection.

When baby Krsna opened His mouth wide by the order of mother Yasoda, she saw within His mouth all moving and non-moving living entities, outer space, earth, the moon and many universes, ananta (unlimited) brahman, but Yasoda never thought Krsna is Bhagavan, and she thought He was possessed by bhutas (ghost) or demigods so they called brahamins to perform pujas to purify Krsna.

I told this Hari Katha in Bhramand Ghat, the place where Krsna revealed the entire cosmic manifestation to Mother Yasoda as she looked into His mouth searching for the dirt He has eaten. Yasoda asked Krsna “You have eaten mud, open your mouth”. Mother Yasoda wanted Krsna to open His mouth to see the evidence so that she could chastise Him. When He opened His mouth Yasoda show in His mouth all  moving and non-moving entities, outer space, and all directions, along with mountains, islands, oceans, the surface of the earth, the blowing wind, fire, the moon and the stars, she saw the planetary systems, water, light ,air and sky.  Seeing all the aspects of the cosmic manifestation, along with herself and Vrndavana-dham, Mother Yasoda was afraid because of intense maternal affection. She could not believe that within the mouth of her son such things appear. She thought “Is this a dream, my eyes are open so I am not dreaming, I am actually seeing what is happening. Finally she concluded that the vision was due to her son’s activities and nothing else. In fact she was overwhelmed by affection for her son.

Unless she took care of her son Krsna, she thought how He could be protected. As one forgets everything after a dream, mother Yasoda immediately forgot the entire incident. In fact her natural feeling of affection increased and she kissed her son. Yasoda never thought Krsna is Bhagavan.

Mamata is the foundation of our prema that is why, the type of Mamata we have towards our guru during our sadhan bhajan will be directly reflected on the mamata in our mature stage.

Srila Narottama Dasa Thakura:
sadhane je dhana cai siddha-dehe taha pai
pakwa pakwa matra sei bicara
pakile sei prema-bhakti apakwe sadhana khyati
bhakati-laksana-anusara  (8)
"The treasure of pure love of God for which I hanker while I follow the regulative practices of sadhana- bhakti, I will attain when I have the spiritual body of a liberated soul. Actually sadhana-bhakti and prema-bhakti are the same devotional service. Sadhana- bhakti is the stage where love for Krsna has not fully ripened yet, and prema-bhakti is the same devotion where love for Krsna has reached the mature, ripened stage. That is the description of devotional service"

Srimati Radhika has madiya-mayi-bhava, which means that She always thinks, “Krsna is Mine”. She is always full of pride, because Krsna is Hers. On the other hand Candravali has the mood of takinya-bhava: “I am Krsna’s.” Krsna is controlled by Radhika only because of Her madiya-bhava. Sri Krsna is very obedient to Srimati Radhika. Candravali has submissive mood, she follows Krsna’s instructions.

During sadhan stage if our mood is that “my Gurudev belongs to me”’ than that same mood or mamata will come and if your mood is that “I belong to my gurudev”’ than another type of mamata or mood will come. Gurudev belongs to me; this means the serving mood will come from the core of the heart.               

If I tell you too much than a lot of misunderstanding will arise, at the moment just understand that “Krsna and Guru belongs to me”, that is the best conclusion. My guru is the jagad guru (universal guru), that mood should come.

A chastise lady never compares her husband with another man. If she compares than she loses her chastity, if she thinks her husband is better than other husband than she losses her nishta (steadiness) with her husband.

Hanuman never thinks Krsna is higher than Ramacandra. He thinks my Istadeva is all in all.
srinathae janaki-nathe
abhedah paramatmani
tathapi mama sarvasvam
ramah kamala-locanah
"Hanuman says: Although He is not different from Lord Narayana, lotus-eyed Lord Rama alone is the be-all and end-all of my life. But my Istadeva is all in all, my Ramacandra is the best."

Srimati Radhika says the same:

(verse)

If my relative gives me up, if my parents say harsh words, I will never give up Shyamasundar. Shymasundar is my heart and soul. This is nishta Radhika has towards Krsna and Hanuman has nistha towards Ramachandra. Both have taste according to their relevant rasa, Hanuman’s rasa is santa rasa and Radhika’s rasa is madhurya rasa.

vrajvasi says, gaitajo mai majo
bhai tajo govind

Vrajasi are saying they will give up cows, mothers, brothers and parents but they will never give up Govinda.

Sadhan and bhajan is like this: “My Gurudev is my Gurudev, he is my all in all”. My gurudev is no less. I don’t want to hear Guru Nindha, my gurudev is the best, because is like this that mamata is coming. Sradha, nistha, mamata is tha path of our sadhan and bhajan that will guide us to Golok Vrndavan.

Jay Srila Gurudev ki jay!

(Transcription: Srimati Radhakanti Didi)